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You are here : Home > Library > Sequelae > 1999 > Karlovits, T., & McColl, M. A. (1999). Coping with community (...)

Karlovits, T., & McColl, M. A. (1999). Coping with community reintegration after severe brain injury: a description of stresses and coping strategies. Brain Injury, 13(11), 845-861.

A basic qualitative approach was used to describe the stresses and coping strategies of 11 adults with severe brain injury during a critical period of reintegrating into a new community. Subjects identified nine problems as stressful. The stresses conform to a theoretical model of community integration, consisting of four factors: social support, independent living, occupation, and a general integration factor. These stresses identified by subjects may be used in the development of a new measure of stress for persons with brain injury. Subjects used eight coping strategies to deal with these stresses. The coping strategies represent a sampling of three major types of coping: problem-focused, perception-focused, and emotion-focused. The findings show that subjects made more use of problem-focused coping strategies than any other type of coping, suggesting that persons with brain injury have awareness of the problems they face and the ability to assert some control over eliminating or managing these problems. The stresses and coping strategies are consistent with existing studies involving persons with brain injury. However, significant differences in some coping strategies reported in this study change how some forms of coping are thought about. The findings delineate the need for professionals to assist persons with brain injury develop more positive, adaptive coping strategies.