Aller au contenu

Everything you always wanted to know about TBI but were afraid to ask.
You are here : Home > Library > Intervention approaches > 1999 > Assal, J.-P. (1999) Revisiting the approach to treatment of long-term (...)

Assal, J.-P. (1999) Revisiting the approach to treatment of long-term illness: from the acute to the chronic state. A need for educational and managerial skills for long-term follow-up, Patient education and counseling 37(2): 99-111.

The initial training of physicians and nurses is in the acute medical system, whether dealing with diagnosis or treatment of crises. This professional activity has gradually shaped the professional identity and is based on direct control, on avoiding risks and using therapeutic algorithms. When healthcare providers have to face chronic diseases and long-term follow-up strategies, this initial identity may often be counter-producing. This article describes the differences between the acute and chronic dimensions of diseases and treatments. Chronicity imposes on the healthcare provider a totally different way of functioning where he treats indirectly and should help the patient to manage the disease. Medical training has not put sufficient emphasis on the difference between those two approaches to disease. There is an urgent need for specific training in the strategies of management of long-term diseases.