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You are here : Home > Library > Intervention approaches > 2006 > Schönberger, M., Humle, F., Zeeman, P., Teasdale, T.W. (2006) Working (...)

Schönberger, M., Humle, F., Zeeman, P., Teasdale, T.W. (2006) Working alliance and patient compliance in brain injury rehabilitation and their relation to psychosocial outcome. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 16(3), 298-314.

Employment and physical activity at follow up of 98 patients who underwent a holistic neuropsychological outpatient rehabilitation programme were examined in relation to therapeutic process factors. The patients had suffered a traumatic brain injury (n = 26), a cerebrovascular accident (n = 58) or another neurological insult (n = 14). Two staff members, a neuropsychologist and a physiotherapist, retrospectively rated patients’ compliance with the therapeutic regime and their working alliances. They completed the ratings separately, but had some degree of common knowledge about the patients. While the compliance ratings were closely associated, working alliance ratings differed between the raters. The working alliance ratings were predictive of employment, but not physical activity. Both compliance ratings predicted physical training, but only the neuropsychologist’s compliance rating was associated with follow-up employment. Post-hoc analysis showed that high compliance ratings given by the physiotherapist were also a predictor of employment. Overall, there was a tendency for the neuropsychologist’s ratings to be more closely associated with employment than the physiotherapist’s ratings. These results indicate that employment and physical activity are differentially predictable from different process measures rated from different professional perspectives.