Aller au contenu

Everything you always wanted to know about TBI but were afraid to ask.
You are here : Home > Library > Intervention approaches > 1999 > McColl, M. A., D. Davies, et al. (1999) Transitions to independent living (...)

McColl, M. A., D. Davies, et al. (1999) Transitions to independent living after ABI, Brain Injury 13(5): 311-330.

One of the most challenging questions facing service providers and policy makers alike is the appropriate level of supervision for adults living in the community following a brain injury. In a 3-year province-wide study of people entering the community following brain injury rehabilitation, four individuals (out of 22 studied) made a transition from fully supervised living to lower levels of formal supervision during their first year in the community. The present study seeks to provide more information about these four individuals, the factors that allowed them to move to lower levels of supervision, and the perceived success of that transition. For each participant, the interviews conducted over the 1 year period in the initial study were reviewed in detail for information about independent living. In addition, each participant was interviewed again for this study, along with his significant other and three of the community programme staff who were most closely involved with his transition. To summarize, factors most salient in the success of transition included: (1) Roles and relationships of family and programme personnel; (2) staying away from drugs and alcohol; (3) availability of structured daily activities, including productive activity or community programme; (4) financial management; and (5) emotion and behaviour self-control. Secondary themes related to successful community living also included the availability of transportation and prior experience with community living since the onset of brain injury. These results offer the experience of four individuals in moving towards independent living. As such, they provide a starting point for further discussions of the process of supporting individuals to pursue the ultimate goal of independent living.