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Everything you always wanted to know about TBI but were afraid to ask.
You are here : Home > Library > Intervention approaches > 2006 > Guérin, F., Kennepohl, S., Léveillé, G., Dominique, A. & McKerral, M. (...)

Guérin, F., Kennepohl, S., Léveillé, G., Dominique, A. & McKerral, M. (2006) Vocational Outcome Indicators in Atypically Recovering Mild TBI: a Post-Intervention Study

Abstract: Beyond issues of MTBI etiology, a key question remains the characterization and early identification of those individuals at risk of poor functional outcome. Using a retrospective analysis, the current study aimed at identifying the specific indicators related to return to work in adults with both symptomatic MTBI and functional impacts, having completed a specialized intervention program. In terms of outcome, 59.1% of the cohort (n=110) returned to some form of work-related activity by the end of intervention whereas the rest had not. Three of the sixteen variables studied were retained (logistic regression) as providing unique and significant (p < 0.05) contributions to the prediction outcome model, namely age, number of subjective symptoms and the presence of a public insurance provider. There was also an interaction between the presence of a public insurance provider and referral delay. Overall percentage of cases correctly classified by the model was 70%, positive predictive accuracy was 72.9%, whereas negative predictive accuracy was 65%. Our findings suggest that any studies attempting to assess functional outcome need to take account of the multifactorial nature of MTBI, including not only more objective psychological/physiological variables related to the injury, but also subjective complaints and environmental factors.